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offsite link Sanctioned by PayPal Thu Aug 04, 2022 21:31 | Anti-Empire

offsite link Spain Limits Heating to 19ºC, Cooling t... Tue Aug 02, 2022 11:39 | Associated Press

offsite link WHO Declares Monkeypox a “Global Healt... Sat Jul 23, 2022 21:01 | Apoorva Mandavilli

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The Saker
A bird's eye view of the vineyard

offsite link Open letter to Amnesty International Secretary General Callamard Mon Aug 08, 2022 20:02 | The Saker
by Faina Savenkova for the Saker blog Good afternoon, Ms Callamard! My name is Faina Savenkova. I am 13 years old and I live in Donbass. I have been a

offsite link Chinese History of Science and technology: The rediscovery of the Chinese history of science Mon Aug 08, 2022 19:45 | The Saker
by Jean-Pierre Voiret for the Saker Blog The history of Chinese science and technology is particularly interesting because it is so different from the history of Western science and technology.

offsite link Austrian Barbarians Go Home! Mon Aug 08, 2022 18:34 | The Saker
By Batiushka for The Saker blog (With apologies to the peoples of Austria and France) As we write, the wicked Austrian terrorist State under its manic leader Putzin continues its

offsite link We all *must* speak up in defense of Graham Phillips! Mon Aug 08, 2022 17:55 | The Saker
Dear friends, After seeing and then posting this video by Graham Phillips I got to disgusted by what was being done to him by the British authorities that I decided

offsite link Full transcript of the interview of Michael Hudson by the Saker Mon Aug 08, 2022 17:35 | The Saker
Dear friends, I can share with you know one, but TWO different versions of the transcript of my interview with Michael Hudson.  One I had expected, one was directly sent

The Saker >>

Lockdown Skeptics

The Daily Sceptic

offsite link News Round-Up Tue Aug 09, 2022 00:04 | Will Jones
A summary of all the most interesting stories that have appeared about politicians? efforts to control the virus ? and other acts of hubris and folly ? not just in Britain, but around the world.
The post News Round-Up appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

offsite link And Finally? Mon Aug 08, 2022 21:50 | Toby Young
In this week's London Calling, the talking points are the difficulty of maintaining a lawn during a water shortage, the Alex Jones trial ? is James worried? ? and, in Culture Corner, The Offer, The Sandman and Prey.
The post And Finally… appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

offsite link There is No Food Crisis ? If Only We Stopped Burning it as ?Green? Biofuel Mon Aug 08, 2022 19:20 | David Craig
3.5M tonnes of EU palm oil go to make biodiesel ? the same as the amount of sunflower oil exported by Ukraine and Russia combined. There's only a food crisis because we burn food rather than use it to feed people.
The post There is No Food Crisis ? If Only We Stopped Burning it as ‘Green’ Biofuel appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

offsite link ?Frankie Boyle is Too Woke to Cancel?: The Weekly Sceptic Interviews Comedian Leo Kearse Mon Aug 08, 2022 13:40 | Will Jones
The third pilot episode of the Weekly Sceptic is now out. Host Nick Dixon interviews comedian Leo Kearse and they discuss Frankie Boyle being too woke to cancel, how to save comedy and much more.
The post “Frankie Boyle is Too Woke to Cancel”: The Weekly Sceptic Interviews Comedian Leo Kearse appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

offsite link ?If We Get Covid, So Be It?: Cries of Hypocrisy as Australia Allows Covid-Positive Cricketer to Play... Mon Aug 08, 2022 11:19 | Will Jones
Australia's decision to field a Covid-positive cricketer at the Commonwealth Games has sparked claims of hypocrisy given the country's hard line on lockdowns and its decision to deport Novak Djokovic over the vaccine.
The post “If We Get Covid, So Be It”: Cries of Hypocrisy as Australia Allows Covid-Positive Cricketer to Play Despite Deporting Djokovic Over Vaccine appeared first on The Daily Sceptic.

Lockdown Skeptics >>

Voltaire Network
Voltaire, international edition

offsite link Voltairenet.org is taking a hiatus Thu Jul 14, 2022 20:47 | en

offsite link Paradoxes of Russophobia Thu Jul 14, 2022 12:46 | en

offsite link EU-Russia agreement on supplying Kaliningrad Thu Jul 14, 2022 12:26 | en

offsite link Political destabilization plagues the West Thu Jul 14, 2022 05:40 | en

offsite link Ukraine destroys its Nova Kakhovka factory Wed Jul 13, 2022 07:53 | en

Voltaire Network >>

Social Media as a Tool of Hybrid Warfare; The Case of Syria

category international | rights, freedoms and repression | other press author Tuesday August 29, 2017 01:47author by 1 of indy Report this post to the editors

This article appeared as a guest article on the Saker Blog and is reproduced here to help draw attention to this issue.

August has been a month for exposing how the “Empire” works at the social media level, inside the activist communities and, in this case, through the social media movements aimed at defending Syria. Western governments have outlaid millions for this purpose and countless allied agencies are involved across various languages and media, from actual military personnel managing multiple fake characters [1], to other programs targeting online socio-political activism, even to the extent of online publications being created and “discovered” that appear as belonging to ISIS [2].

From mid-2013 it became obvious that the Syrian driven social media movement for the defence of their country was losing control to strange characters who had no links to Syria. A Lebanese-Syrian analyst, a guest on this blog [3], flagged this issue during that year. Opportunists and operatives poured in, forming strange, contradictory alliances and “attack packs”, succeeding in driving away much of the original Syrian activists who had volunteered, at great personal risk, to engage with the English speaking world in explaining the truth about Syria. Most of these retreated to Arabic language pages and were never seen again. Many of the high quality supporters from the West and elsewhere also were pushed out or silenced and replaced by a cabal who bludgeoned non-compliant Syrian activists and supporters, brought in the absolute taboo “values” of sectarianism, as well as political, religious and other agenda that didn’t belong in the movement or in Syria. A few of the original Syrians remained on but, alarmingly, two in particular, seemed determined to assist the process of surrendering the movement to these nefarious characters.

NATO, it is suspected, places “experts” in various fields of interest amongst the movement of “Empire” resisters as Trojan Horses, implants, ready to explode like cluster bombs, releasing their smaller submunitions in their midst when required. As a matter of fact, it would be rather naïve to expect the contrary. Standing in the way of this pernicious strategy were a few indigenous activists and leaders, primarily operating on social media and blogs in those earlier years of the war. Some chose to use pseudonyms for reasons of security and greater freedom of expression. In any resistance movement, all patriots and solidarists have the duty to protect the identity and safety of their colleagues and this betrayal of basic resistance protocol was used repeatedly when any of these activists refused to come under these forces’ control or clear the way for their total domination of the movement. Those activists who did not yield, were subjected to systematic vilification, disinformation campaigns and acts designed to cause harm or even worse, death. A concerted campaign ensued where those activists’ friends were given an ultimatum to disassociate with them or face excommunication from the activist community, to the point of even personal threats being made against some family members.

What happened to this budding indigenous social media movement makes sense when studying a NATO document and some of its references which discusses the importance of using social media in their suite of war strategies known as “Hybrid Warfare”. It is titled, “Social Media as a Tool of Hybrid Warfare”.[4] It focuses largely on tactics attributed to Russia, but reveals NATO’s own anxieties of such strategies commonly known as their own, ricocheting back to them. The third chapter, from page 18 onwards, becomes interesting as descriptions therein mirror identically, to the finest detail, similar observations of nefarious interlocutors in the Syrian social media defence movement. Here are some of the descriptions in that chapter; “minimize alternative voices.”; ” [s]aturating the information environment—the coordinated use of blogs, posts, articles etc. that are posted and reposted by opinion leaders, activists and fake personas.”; “[t]argeting and distracting the opponent: – Distribution of misinformation and rumours—to publicise an opponent’s alleged wrongdoing.”[5], and; “[t]argeting an opponent also involves any sort of personal attack, and can go so far as to acquire personal information and use it to defame, ridicule, threaten etc.”[6]

These strategies have been used by purported colleagues and solidarists in the Syria online defence movement to saturate and dilute indigenous voices with their own and to attack individuals, in some cases parties, entire nations and alliances. The NATO document discusses social engineering for military purposes such as espionage and information gathering and also that of “[d]eception—creating ‘noise’ or ‘informational fog’ around a topic in order to distract attention from more strategically important events.” [7] Discussed is the phenomenon of “trolling” and distinguishing the more common form from another type that NATO StratCom COE describes as “…the ‘hybrid troll’, who engages in the same patterns of behaviour as the traditional troll, but operates in the context of a particular political or military agenda.” [8]

Had there not been instances of alert and experienced individuals from the region, recognizing warning signs of infiltration of subversive elements into their movement and even into Syria itself, these concerted, seemingly co-ordinated responses that come straight out of the publications of NATO and the likes of Nissen from the Danish Military [9] would never have happened, nor would the realisation that, like any movement defending a cause under attack by “the Empire”, every aspect of resistance is infiltrated and in this day and age the information platform is of extreme importance.

From infiltrators who had fake threats published in purported ISIS magazines to lend them and their agents credibility in the Syria movement in order to hide their sectarian, Christian Zionist agenda, [10] to those who drown the native voices out with repetitive, scratched recordings of subjects of their own and attack with unusual viciousness any Syrian who merely questions them or wishes to remain independent and on the scene of defending their own country, the end result has been an almost total decimation of the English language social media defence of Syria movement.

Nevertheless, this nefarious strategy that always targets “enemies” of the West, has not really succeeded in damaging Syria. The first few years of the online movement for the defence of Syria were the most crucial years where many journalists, political and academic figures and the like approached the movement for information and insights as the whole story was so new and hard to fathom as the media and information war on Syria had reached levels unprecedented. Syrians and their great friends worked feverishly and in a state of urgency, in unison, collaboration, with great professionalism and skill to provide the “outside” world with the real story about the War on Syria. This was the ground work and the essential work has been laid out already and these activists stand proud.

[1] https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/mar/17/us-s...works
[2] The Clarion Project and the ISIS Dabiq Trail
https://evagonzalesthewriter.wordpress.com/2016/09/06/t...rail/
[3] http://thesaker.is/tag/ghassan-kadi/
[4] http://www.stratcomcoe.org/download/file/fid/5314
[5]Ibid; p 19
[6]Ibid; p 20
[7] Ibid; p20
[8] Ibid; p 27
[9] [8] Nissen T.E, The Weaponization of Social Media, Royal Danish Defence College,2015
[10] The Clarion Project and the ISIS Dabiq Trail
https://evagonzalesthewriter.wordpress.com/2016/09/06/t...rail/

Related Link: http://thesaker.is/social-media-as-a-tool-of-hybrid-warfare-the-case-of-syria/
author by socialistpublication date Sat Sep 02, 2017 02:41author address author phone Report this post to the editors

Now google has been shown to be actively blocking WSWS links

https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2017/08/04/goog-a04.html

 
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